examines the spooling area used by
for printing files on the line printer, and reports the status of the
specified jobs or all jobs associated with a user.
without any arguments reports on any jobs currently in the queue.
The options are as follows:
Report on the local queues for all printers,
rather than just the specified printer.
Information about each of the files comprising the job entry
Normally, only as much information as will fit on one line is displayed.
Specify a particular printer, otherwise the default
line printer is used (or the value of the
variable in the
All other arguments supplied are interpreted as user
names or job numbers to filter out only those jobs of interest.
For each job submitted (i.e., invocation of
reports the user's name, current rank in the queue, the
names of files comprising the job, the job identifier (a number which
may be supplied to
for removing a specific job), and the total size in bytes.
Job ordering is dependent on
the algorithm used to scan the spooling directory and is supposed
(First In First Out).
File names comprising a job may be unavailable
is used as a sink in a pipeline) in which case the file is indicated as
warns that there is no daemon present (i.e., due to some malfunction), the
command can be used to restart the printer daemon.
If the following environment variable exists, it is used by
Specifies an alternate default printer.
To determine printer characteristics.
The spooling directory, as determined from printcap.
Control files specifying jobs.
The lock file to obtain the currently active job.
Unable to open various files.
The lock file being malformed.
Garbage files when there is no daemon active, but files in the
Due to the dynamic nature of the information in the spooling directory,
may report unreliably.
Output formatting is sensitive to the line length of the terminal;
this can result in widely spaced columns.