TELNET(1) AerieBSD 1.0 Refernce Manual TELNET(1)

NAME

telnet — user interface to the TELNET protocol

SYNOPSIS

telnet .Bk -words [-468acdEFfKLrx] [-b hostalias] [-e escapechar] [-k realm] [-l user] [-n tracefile] [-X authtype] .Oo host [port] .Oc .Ek

DESCRIPTION

The telnet command is used to communicate with another host using the TELNET protocol. If telnet is invoked without the host argument, it enters command mode, indicated by its prompt (telnet\&>). In this mode, it accepts and executes the commands listed below. If it is invoked with arguments, it performs an open command with those arguments.

The options are as follows:
-4
Forces telnet to use IPv4 addresses only.
-6
Forces telnet to use IPv6 addresses only.
-8
Specifies an 8-bit data path. This causes an attempt to negotiate the TELNETBINARY option on both input and output.
-a
Attempt automatic login. Currently, this sends the user name via the USER variable of the ENVIRON option if supported by the remote system. The name used is that of the current user as returned by getlogin(2) if it agrees with the current user ID, otherwise it is the name associated with the user ID.
-b hostalias
Uses bind(2) on the local socket to bind it to an aliased address (see ifconfig(8) and the ``alias'' specifier) or to the address of another interface than the one naturally chosen by connect(2). This can be useful when connecting to services which use IP addresses for authentication and reconfiguration of the server is undesirable (or impossible).
-c
Disables the reading of the user's \&.telnetrc file. (See the toggleskiprc command on this man page.)
-d
Sets the initial value of the debug toggle to TRUE.
-E
Stops any character from being recognized as an escape character.
-e escapechar
Sets the initial telnet escape character to escapechar. If escapechar is omitted, then there will be no escape character.
-F
If Kerberos authentication is being used, the -F option allows the local credentials to be forwarded to the remote system, including any credentials that have already been forwarded into the local environment.
-f
If Kerberos authentication is being used, the -f option allows the local credentials to be forwarded to the remote system.
-K
Specifies no automatic login to the remote system.
-k realm
If Kerberos authentication is being used, the -k option requests that telnet obtain tickets for the remote host in realm realm instead of the remote host's realm.
-L
Specifies an 8-bit data path on output. This causes the BINARY option to be negotiated on output.
-l user
When connecting to the remote system, if the remote system understands the ENVIRON option, then user will be sent to the remote system as the value for the variable USER. This option implies the -a option. This option may also be used with the open command.
-n tracefile
Opens tracefile for recording trace information. See the settracefile command below.
-r
Specifies a user interface similar to rlogin. In this mode, the escape character is set to the tilde (~) character, unless modified by the -e option.
-X authtype
Disables the authtype type of authentication.
-x
Turn on encryption of the data stream. When this option is turned on, telnet will exit with an error if authentication cannot be negotiated or if encryption cannot be turned on.
host
Indicates the official name, an alias, or the Internet address of a remote host.
port
Indicates a port number (address of an application). If a number is not specified, the default telnet port is used.

When in rlogin mode, a line of the form ~.\& disconnects from the remote host; ~ is the telnet escape character. Similarly, the line ~^Z suspends the telnet session. The line ~^] escapes to the normal telnet escape prompt.

Once a connection has been opened, telnet will attempt to enable the TELNETLINEMODE option. If this fails, telnet will revert to one of two input modes: either ``character at a time'' or ``old line by line'' depending on what the remote system supports.

When LINEMODE is enabled, character processing is done on the local system, under the control of the remote system. When input editing or character echoing is to be disabled, the remote system will relay that information. The remote system will also relay changes to any special characters that happen on the remote system, so that they can take effect on the local system.

In ``character at a time'' mode, most text typed is immediately sent to the remote host for processing.

In ``old line by line'' mode, all text is echoed locally, and (normally) only completed lines are sent to the remote host. The ``local echo character'' (initially ``^E'') may be used to turn off and on the local echo (this would mostly be used to enter passwords without the password being echoed).

If the LINEMODE option is enabled, or if the localchars toggle is TRUE (the default for ``old line by line''; see below), the user's quit, intr, and flush characters are trapped locally, and sent as TELNET protocol sequences to the remote side. If LINEMODE has ever been enabled, then the user's susp and eof are also sent as TELNET protocol sequences, and quit is sent as a TELNETABORT instead of BREAK. There are options (see toggle autoflush and toggle autosynch below) which cause this action to flush subsequent output to the terminal (until the remote host acknowledges the TELNET sequence) and flush previous terminal input (in the case of quit and intr)).

While connected to a remote host, telnet command mode may be entered by typing the telnet ``escape character'' (initially ``^]''). When in command mode, the normal terminal editing conventions are available. Note that the escape character will return to the command mode of the initial invocation of telnet that has the controlling terminal. Use the -sendescape command to switch to command mode in subsequent telnet processes on remote hosts.

The following telnet commands are available. Only enough of each command to uniquely identify it need be typed (this is also true for arguments to the mode, set, toggle, unset, slc, environ, and display commands).
authargument...
The auth command manipulates the information sent through the TELNETAUTHENTICATE option. Valid arguments for the auth command are as follows:
disabletype
Disables the specified type of authentication. To obtain a list of available types, use the authdisable ?\& command.
enabletype
Enables the specified type of authentication. To obtain a list of available types, use the authenable ?\& command.
status
Lists the current status of the various types of authentication.
close
Close a TELNET session and return to command mode.
displayargument...
Displays all, or some, of the set and toggle values (see below).
encryptargument...
The encrypt command manipulates the information sent through the TELNETENCRYPT option that's available when Kerberos is used.

Valid arguments for the encrypt command are as follows:
disabletype[input|output]
Disables the specified type of encryption. If you omit input and output, both input and output are disabled. To obtain a list of available types, use the encryptdisable ?\& command.
enabletype[input|output]
Enables the specified type of encryption. If you omit input and output, both input and output are enabled. To obtain a list of available types, use the encryptenable ?\& command.
input
This is the same as the encryptstart input command.
-input
This is the same as the encryptstop input command.
output
This is the same as the encryptstart output command.
-output
This is the same as the encryptstop output command.
start[input|output]
Attempts to start encryption. If you omit input and output, both input and output are enabled. To obtain a list of available types, use the encryptenable ?\& command.
status
Lists the current status of encryption.
stop[input|output]
Stops encryption. If you omit input and output, encryption is on both input and output.
typetype
Sets the default type of encryption to be used with later encryptstart or encryptstop commands.
environargument...
The environ command is used to manipulate the variables that may be sent through the TELNETENVIRON option. The initial set of variables is taken from the users environment, with only the DISPLAY and PRINTER variables being exported by default. The USER variable is also exported if the -a or -l options are used.

Valid arguments for the environ command are:
definevariablevalue
Define the variable variable to have a value of value. Any variables defined by this command are automatically exported. The value may be enclosed in single or double quotes so that tabs and spaces may be included.
undefinevariable
Remove variable from the list of environment variables.
exportvariable
Mark the variable variable to be exported to the remote side.
unexportvariable
Mark the variable variable to not be exported unless explicitly asked for by the remote side.
list
List the current set of environment variables. Those marked with a -* will be sent automatically, other variables will only be sent if explicitly requested.
\&?
Prints out help information for the environ command.
logout
Sends the TELNETLOGOUT option to the remote side. This command is similar to a close command; however, if the remote side does not support the LOGOUT option, nothing happens. If, however, the remote side does support the LOGOUT option, this command should cause the remote side to close the TELNET connection. If the remote side also supports the concept of suspending a user's session for later reattachment, the logout argument indicates that you should terminate the session immediately.
modetype
type is one of several options, depending on the state of the TELNET session. The remote host is asked for permission to go into the requested mode. If the remote host is capable of entering that mode, the requested mode will be entered.
character
Disable the TELNETLINEMODE option, or, if the remote side does not understand the LINEMODE option, then enter ``character at a time'' mode.
line
Enable the TELNETLINEMODE option, or, if the remote side does not understand the LINEMODE option, then attempt to enter ``old-line-by-line'' mode.
isig(\-isig)
Attempt to enable (disable) the TRAPSIG mode of the LINEMODE option. This requires that the LINEMODE option be enabled.
edit(\-edit)
Attempt to enable (disable) the EDIT mode of the LINEMODE option. This requires that the LINEMODE option be enabled.
softtabs(\-softtabs)
Attempt to enable (disable) the SOFT_TAB mode of the LINEMODE option. This requires that the LINEMODE option be enabled.
litecho(\-litecho)
Attempt to enable (disable) the LIT_ECHO mode of the LINEMODE option. This requires that the LINEMODE option be enabled.
\&?
Prints out help information for the mode command.
openhost [-l user] .Oo Op Fl portOc Open a connection to the named host. If no port number is specified, telnet will attempt to contact a TELNET server at the default port. The host specification may be either a host name (see hosts(5)) or an Internet address specified in the ``dot notation'' (see inet(3/)). The -l option may be used to specify the user name to be passed to the remote system via the ENVIRON option. When connecting to a non-standard port, telnet omits any automatic initiation of TELNET options. When the port number is preceded by a minus sign, the initial option negotiation is done. After establishing a connection, the file \&.telnetrc in the user's home directory is opened. Lines beginning with a ``#'' are comment lines. Blank lines are ignored. Lines that begin without whitespace are the start of a machine entry. The first thing on the line is the name of the machine that is being connected to. The rest of the line, and successive lines that begin with whitespace are assumed to be telnet commands and are processed as if they had been typed in manually to the telnet command prompt.
quit
Close any open TELNET session and exit telnet. An end-of-file (in command mode) will also close a session and exit.
sendargument...
Sends one or more special character sequences to the remote host. The following are the arguments which may be specified (more than one argument may be specified at a time):
abort
Sends the TELNETABORT (Abort processes) sequence.
ao
Sends the TELNETAO (Abort Output) sequence, which should cause the remote system to flush all output from the remote system to the user's terminal.
ayt
Sends the TELNETAYT (Are You There) sequence, to which the remote system may or may not choose to respond.
brk
Sends the TELNETBRK (Break) sequence, which may have significance to the remote system.
ec
Sends the TELNETEC (Erase Character) sequence, which should cause the remote system to erase the last character entered.
el
Sends the TELNETEL (Erase Line) sequence, which should cause the remote system to erase the line currently being entered.
eof
Sends the TELNETEOF (End Of File) sequence.
eor
Sends the TELNETEOR (End of Record) sequence.
escape
Sends the current telnet escape character (initially ``^]'').
ga
Sends the TELNETGA (Go Ahead) sequence, which likely has no significance to the remote system.
getstatus
If the remote side supports the TELNETSTATUS command, getstatus will send the subnegotiation to request that the server send its current option status.
ip
Sends the TELNETIP (Interrupt Process) sequence, which should cause the remote system to abort the currently running process.
nop
Sends the TELNETNOP (No OPeration) sequence.
susp
Sends the TELNETSUSP (SUSPend process) sequence.
synch
Sends the TELNETSYNCH sequence. This sequence causes the remote system to discard all previously typed (but not yet read) input. This sequence is sent as TCP urgent data (and may not work if the remote system is a 4.2BSD system -- if it doesn't work, a lower case ``r'' may be echoed on the terminal).
docmd
Sends the TELNETDO cmd sequence. cmd can be either a decimal number between 0 and 255, or a symbolic name for a specific TELNET command. cmd can also be either help or ?\& to print out help information, including a list of known symbolic names.
dontcmd
Sends the TELNETDONT cmd sequence. cmd can be either a decimal number between 0 and 255, or a symbolic name for a specific TELNET command. cmd can also be either help or ?\& to print out help information, including a list of known symbolic names.
willcmd
Sends the TELNETWILL cmd sequence. cmd can be either a decimal number between 0 and 255, or a symbolic name for a specific TELNET command. cmd can also be either help or ?\& to print out help information, including a list of known symbolic names.
wontcmd
Sends the TELNETWONT cmd sequence. cmd can be either a decimal number between 0 and 255, or a symbolic name for a specific TELNET command. cmd can also be either help or ?\& to print out help information, including a list of known symbolic names.
\&?
Prints out help information for the send command.
setargumentvalue
unsetargumentvalue
The set command will set any one of a number of telnet variables to a specific value or to TRUE. The special value off turns off the function associated with the variable; this is equivalent to using the unset command. The unset command will disable or set to FALSE any of the specified functions. The values of variables may be interrogated with the display command. The variables which may be set or unset, but not toggled, are listed here. In addition, any of the variables for the toggle command may be explicitly set or unset using the set and unset commands.
ayt
If TELNET is in localchars mode, or LINEMODE is enabled, and the status character is typed, a TELNETAYT sequence (see sendayt preceding) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the "Are You There" character is the terminal's status character.
echo
This is the value (initially ``^E'') which, when in ``line by line'' mode, toggles between doing local echoing of entered characters (for normal processing), and suppressing echoing of entered characters (for entering, say, a password).
eof
If telnet is operating in LINEMODE or ``old line by line'' mode, entering this character as the first character on a line will cause this character to be sent to the remote system. The initial value of the eof character is taken to be the terminal's eof character.
erase
If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below), and if telnet is operating in ``character at a time'' mode, then when this character is typed, a TELNETEC sequence (see send ec above) is sent to the remote system. The initial value for the erase character is taken to be the terminal's erase character.
escape
This is the telnet escape character (initially ``^['') which causes entry into telnet command mode (when connected to a remote system).
flushoutput
If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below) and the flushoutput character is typed, a TELNETAO sequence (see send ao above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the flush character is taken to be the terminal's flush character.
forw1
forw2
If TELNET is operating in LINEMODE, these are the characters that, when typed, cause partial lines to be forwarded to the remote system. The initial value for the forwarding characters are taken from the terminal's eol and eol2 characters.
interrupt
If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below) and the interrupt character is typed, a TELNETIP sequence (see send ip above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the interrupt character is taken to be the terminal's intr character.
kill
If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below), and if telnet is operating in ``character at a time'' mode, then when this character is typed, a TELNETEL sequence (see send el above) is sent to the remote system. The initial value for the kill character is taken to be the terminal's kill character.
lnext
If telnet is operating in LINEMODE or ``old line by line'' mode, then this character is taken to be the terminal's lnext character. The initial value for the lnext character is taken to be the terminal's lnext character.
quit
If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below) and the quit character is typed, a TELNETBRK sequence (see send brk above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the quit character is taken to be the terminal's quit character.
reprint
If telnet is operating in LINEMODE or ``old line by line'' mode, then this character is taken to be the terminal's reprint character. The initial value for the reprint character is taken to be the terminal's reprint character.
rlogin
This is the rlogin escape character. If set, the normal TELNET escape character is ignored unless it is preceded by this character at the beginning of a line. This character, at the beginning of a line, followed by a "." closes the connection; when followed by a ^Z it suspends the telnet command. The initial state is to disable the rlogin escape character.
start
If the TELNETTOGGLE-FLOW-CONTROL option has been enabled, then this character is taken to be the terminal's start character. The initial value for the start character is taken to be the terminal's start character.
stop
If the TELNETTOGGLE-FLOW-CONTROL option has been enabled, then this character is taken to be the terminal's stop character. The initial value for the stop character is taken to be the terminal's stop character.
susp
If telnet is in localchars mode, or LINEMODE is enabled, and the suspend character is typed, a TELNETSUSP sequence (see send susp above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the suspend character is taken to be the terminal's suspend character.
tracefile
This is the file to which the output, caused by netdata or option tracing being TRUE, will be written. If it is set to “-”, then tracing information will be written to standard output (the default).
worderase
If telnet is operating in LINEMODE or ``old line by line'' mode, then this character is taken to be the terminal's worderase character. The initial value for the worderase character is taken to be the terminal's worderase character.
\&?
Displays the legal set (unset) commands.
skeysequencechallenge
The skey command computes a response to the S/Key challenge. See skey(1) for more information on the S/Key system.
slcstate
The slc command (Set Local Characters) is used to set or change the state of the special characters when the TELNETLINEMODE option has been enabled. Special characters are characters that get mapped to TELNET commands sequences (like ip or quit) or line editing characters (like erase and kill)). By default, the local special characters are exported.
check
Verify the current settings for the current special characters. The remote side is requested to send all the current special character settings, and if there are any discrepancies with the local side, the local side will switch to the remote value.
export
Switch to the local defaults for the special characters. The local default characters are those of the local terminal at the time when telnet was started.
import
Switch to the remote defaults for the special characters. The remote default characters are those of the remote system at the time when the TELNET connection was established.
\&?
Prints out help information for the slc command.
status
Show the current status of telnet. This includes the peer one is connected to, as well as the current mode.
toggleargument...
Toggle (between TRUE and FALSE) various flags that control how telnet responds to events. These flags may be set explicitly to TRUE or FALSE using the set and unset commands listed above. More than one argument may be specified. The state of these flags may be interrogated with the display command. Valid arguments are:
authdebug
Turns on debugging information for the authentication code.
autoflush
If autoflush and localchars are both TRUE, then when the ao or quit characters are recognized (and transformed into TELNET sequences; see set above for details), telnet refuses to display any data on the user's terminal until the remote system acknowledges (via a TELNETTIMING MARK option) that it has processed those TELNET sequences. The initial value for this toggle is TRUE if the terminal user had not done an "stty noflsh", otherwise FALSE (see stty(1/)).
autodecrypt
When the TELNETENCRYPT option is negotiated, by default the actual encryption (decryption) of the data stream does not start automatically. The autoencrypt (autodecrypt) command states that encryption of the output (input) stream should be enabled as soon as possible.

autologin
If the remote side supports the TELNETAUTHENTICATION option TELNET attempts to use it to perform automatic authentication. If the AUTHENTICATION option is not supported, the user's login name is propagated through the TELNETENVIRON option. This command is the same as specifying a option on the open command.
autosynch
If autosynch and localchars are both TRUE, then when either the intr or quit character is typed (see set above for descriptions of the intr and quit characters), the resulting TELNET sequence sent is followed by the TELNETSYNCH sequence. This procedure should cause the remote system to begin throwing away all previously typed input until both of the TELNET sequences have been read and acted upon. The initial value of this toggle is FALSE.
binary
Enable or disable the TELNETBINARY option on both input and output.
inbinary
Enable or disable the TELNETBINARY option on input.
outbinary
Enable or disable the TELNETBINARY option on output.
crlf
If this is TRUE, then carriage returns will be sent as . If this is FALSE, then carriage returns will be sent as . The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.
crmod
Toggle carriage return mode. When this mode is enabled, most carriage return characters received from the remote host will be mapped into a carriage return followed by a line feed. This mode does not affect those characters typed by the user, only those received from the remote host. This mode is not very useful unless the remote host only sends carriage return, but never line feeds. The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.
debug
Toggles socket level debugging (useful only to the superuser). The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.
encdebug
Turns on debugging information for the encryption code.
localchars
If this is TRUE, then the flush, interrupt, quit, erase, and kill characters (see set above) are recognized locally, and transformed into (hopefully) appropriate TELNET control sequences (respectively ao, ip, brk, ec, and el; see send above). The initial value for this toggle is TRUE in ``old line by line'' mode, and FALSE in ``character at a time'' mode. When the LINEMODE option is enabled, the value of localchars is ignored, and assumed to always be TRUE. If LINEMODE has ever been enabled, then quit is sent as abort, and eof and suspend are sent as eof and susp (see send above).
netdata
Toggles the display of all network data (in hexadecimal format). The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.
options
Toggles the display of some internal telnet protocol processing (having to do with TELNET options). The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.
prettydump
When the netdata toggle is enabled, if prettydump is enabled the output from the netdata command will be formatted in a more user readable format. Spaces are put between each character in the output, and the beginning of any TELNET escape sequence is preceded by a '*' to aid in locating them.
skiprc
When the skiprc toggle is TRUE, TELNET skips the reading of the \&.telnetrc file in the user's home directory when connections are opened. The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.
termdata
Toggles the display of all terminal data (in hexadecimal format). The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.
verbose_encrypt
When the verbose_encrypt toggle is TRUE, telnet prints out a message each time encryption is enabled or disabled. The initial value for this toggle is FALSE.
\&?
Displays the legal toggle commands.
z
Suspend telnet. This command only works when the user is using the csh(1).
\&![command]
Execute a single command in a subshell on the local system. If command is omitted, then an interactive subshell is invoked.
\&?[command]
Get help. With no arguments, telnet prints a help summary. If a command is specified, telnet will print the help information for just that command.

ENVIRONMENT

telnet uses at least the HOME, SHELL, DISPLAY, and TERM environment variables. Other environment variables may be propagated to the other side via the TELNETENVIRON option.

FILES

~/.telnetrc
user customized telnet startup values

HISTORY

The telnet command appeared in 4.2BSD.

NOTES

On some remote systems, echo has to be turned off manually when in ``old line by line'' mode.

In ``old line by line'' mode or LINEMODE the terminal's eof character is only recognized (and sent to the remote system) when it is the first character on a line.

Source routing is not supported yet for IPv6.


AerieBSD 1.0 Reference Manual August 26 2008 TELNET(1)