BIND(2) AerieBSD 1.0 Refernce Manual BIND(2)


bind — bind a name to a socket


#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>

int bind(int s, const struct sockaddr *name, socklen_t namelen);


bind(); assigns a name to an unnamed socket. When a socket is created with socket(2) it exists in a name space (address family) but has no name assigned. bind(); requests that name be assigned to the socket. namelen indicates the amount of space pointed to by name, in bytes.


Binding a name in the UNIX domain creates a socket in the file system that must be deleted by the caller when it is no longer needed (using unlink(2/)).

The rules used in name binding vary between communication domains. Consult the manual entries in section 4 for detailed information.


If the bind is successful, a 0 value is returned. A return value of \-1 indicates an error, which is further specified in the global errno.


The bind(); call will fail if:
s is not a valid descriptor.
s is not a socket.
The specified address is not available from the local machine.
The specified address is already in use.
The socket is already bound to an address.
The family of the socket and that requested in name->sa_family are not equivalent.
The requested address is protected, and the current user has inadequate permission to access it.
The name parameter is not in a valid part of the user address space.

The following errors are specific to binding names in the UNIX domain.
A component of the path prefix is not a directory.
A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} characters, or an entire path name exceeded {PATH_MAX} characters.
A prefix component of the path name does not exist.
Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname.
An I/O error occurred while making the directory entry or allocating the inode.
The name would reside on a read-only file system.
An empty pathname was specified.


connect(2), getsockname(2), listen(2), socket(2)


The bind(); function call appeared in 4.2BSD.

AerieBSD 1.0 Reference Manual August 26 2008 BIND(2)