PW_DUP(3) AerieBSD 1.0 Refernce Manual PW_DUP(3)

NAME

pw_dup — make a copy of a struct passwd

SYNOPSIS

#include <pwd.h>

structpasswd * pw_dup(const struct passwd *pw);

DESCRIPTION

The pw_dup(); function allocates sufficient memory for a copy of the struct passwd pw, does the copy, and returns a pointer to it. This is useful as subsequent calls to getpwent();, getpwnam();, and getpwuid(); will overwrite the data they returned from previous calls.

The returned pointer may be deallocated by a single call to free(3). Since pw_dup(); allocates space for the copy in one chunk, it is not necessary to free the individual strings contained in the returned struct passwd.

If insufficient memory is available, NULL is returned.

EXAMPLES

The following will make a copy of the struct passwd for root and store it in "pw_save":

struct passwd *pw, *pw_save;

if ((pw = getpwnam("root")) == NULL) {
	fprintf(stderr, "Cannot find root in the password file.\en");
	exit(1);
}
if ((pw_save = pw_dup(pw)) == NULL) {
	fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory.\en");
	exit(1);
}

ERRORS

pw_dup(); function may fail and set the external variable errno for any of the errors specified for the library function malloc(3).

SEE ALSO

free(3), getpwent(3), malloc(3)

HISTORY

The pw_dup(); function first appeared in OpenBSD 2.9.


AerieBSD 1.0 Reference Manual August 26 2008 PW_DUP(3)